Home > CCNA – Syslog Questions

CCNA – Syslog Questions

March 25th, 2015 Go to comments

If you are not sure about Syslog, please read our Syslog tutorial.

Question 1

Explanation

By default, switches send the output from system messages and debug privileged EXEC commands to a logging process. The logging process controls the distribution of logging messages to various destinations, such as the logging buffer (on RAM), terminal lines (console terminal), or a UNIX syslog server, depending on your configuration. The process also sends messages to the console.

(Reference: http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/switches/lan/catalyst2950/software/release/12.1_9_ea1/configuration/guide/swlog.html#wp1024032)

Note: Syslog messages can be written to a file in Flash memory although it is not a popular place to use. We can configure this feature with the command logging file flash:filename.

Question 2

Explanation

The Message Logging is divided into 8 levels as listed below:

Level Keyword Description
0 emergencies System is unusable
1 alerts Immediate action is needed
2 critical Critical conditions exist
3 errors Error conditions exist
4 warnings Warning conditions exist
5 notification Normal, but significant, conditions exist
6 informational Informational messages
7 debugging Debugging messages

The highest level is level 0 (emergencies). The lowest level is level 7. If you specify a level with the “logging console level” command, that level and all the higher levels will be displayed. For example, by using the “logging console warnings” command, all the logging of emergencies, alerts, critical, errors, warnings will be displayed.

In this question level 3 trap is configured so Emergencies, Alerts, critical and Errors messages are displayed. Although this question only requires to choose 3 correct answers but maybe something is missing here.

Question 3

Question 4

Explanation

The “service timestamps debug” command configures the system to apply a time stamp to debugging messages. The time-stamp format for datetime is MMM DD HH:MM:SS, where MMM is the month, DD is the date, HH is the hour (in 24-hour notation), MM is the minute, and SS is the second. With the additional keyword msec, the system includes milliseconds in the time stamp, in the format HH:DD:MM:SS.mmm, where .mmm is milliseconds

(Reference: http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/ios/fundamentals/command/reference/cf_book/cf_r1.html#wp1030116)

Question 5

Question 6

Explanation

The Message Logging is divided into 8 levels as listed below:

Level Keyword Description
0 emergencies System is unusable
1 alerts Immediate action is needed
2 critical Critical conditions exist
3 errors Error conditions exist
4 warnings Warning conditions exist
5 notification Normal, but significant, conditions exist
6 informational Informational messages
7 debugging Debugging messages

If you specify a level with the “logging trap level” command, that level and all the higher levels will be logged. For example, by using the “logging trap 4” command, all the logging of emergencies, alerts, critical, errors, warnings will be logged.

Question 7

Comments (50) Comments
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  1. Asanka11
    November 24th, 2014

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    November 26th, 2014

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    December 8th, 2014

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    December 10th, 2014

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    December 11th, 2014

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  8. saly
    December 11th, 2014

    hey guys,
    Q3 asnwered incorrectly ,, why D ??

    SNMP has more traps than netflow, or we can say Netflow is a part from SNMP.

    Am I correct?

  9. faty
    December 11th, 2014

    q2 today

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    December 16th, 2014

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    December 19th, 2014

    Q: 2 AND 3 …. Dec 18

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    December 19th, 2014

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    December 23rd, 2014

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    December 26th, 2014

    Q3 today

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    January 12th, 2015

    Q3 Today 1/12/2014

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    January 14th, 2015

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  17. Sanc
    January 18th, 2015

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  18. murad
    January 19th, 2015

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  19. JJBladester
    January 24th, 2015

    I found this helpful mnemonic for remembering syslog severity levels:

    Every
    Alley
    Cat
    Eats
    Watery
    Noodles
    In
    Doors

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    January 29th, 2015

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    January 31st, 2015

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    February 5th, 2015

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  26. Omega
    February 6th, 2015

    In Question 7: I think: emergencies->alerts->critical->errors ???

  27. zaidi
    February 6th, 2015

    Dear Omega here isn’t alert in options

  28. Anum
    February 7th, 2015

    Q1today

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    February 8th, 2015

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  30. rex
    February 10th, 2015

    no “alert” #7

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    February 10th, 2015

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    February 10th, 2015

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    February 11th, 2015

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  35. APOORV
    February 12th, 2015

    refer to question-3
    why Option -> B can not the correct answer ?

  36. Peter
    February 13th, 2015

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  37. Hasan Shamroukh
    February 13th, 2015

    Omega
    Alerts isn’t mentioned in the choices

  38. Che
    February 15th, 2015

    Q7 on 15th Feb.

  39. guru
    February 17th, 2015

    q3 today

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    February 19th, 2015

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  41. illbwolf
    February 19th, 2015

    Q2,4 and 5

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    February 23rd, 2015

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    February 24th, 2015

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    February 25th, 2015

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  46. Arka
    March 3rd, 2015

    What is the default syslog facility level – can anyone explain that? Some of the stuff is not covered in the tutorial – can’t find the theory behind it – thanks

  47. Josu
    March 3rd, 2015

    Syslog is the perfect topic for multiple answers questions. In order to illustrate my question let’s take Q2:
    Syslog was configured with a level 3 trap. Which 3 types of logs would be generated (choose four)

    A. Emergencies
    B. Alerts
    C. Errors
    D. Warnings
    E. Critical

    Answers here are A,B,C and E.

    Now, what if in this type of questions you get 3 out of 4 right (you pick D, Warnings instead of E, Critical).

    Would be the whole question marked as incorrect or would it be marked accordingly?

    Thank you.

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    March 14th, 2015

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    March 15th, 2015

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    March 16th, 2015

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