is a complex developmental disability that typically
appears during the first three years of life.
The result of a neurological disorder that affects
the functioning of the brain, autism and its associated
behaviors have been estimated to occur in as many
as 1 in 90 individuals (Centers for Disease Control
and Prevention 2011).
Autism is four times more prevalent in boys than
girls and knows no racial, ethnic, or social boundaries.
Family income, lifestyle, and educational levels
do not affect the chance of autism's occurrence.
Autism impacts the normal development of the brain
in the areas of social interaction and communication
skills. Children and adults with autism typically
have difficulties in verbal and non-verbal communication,
social interactions, and leisure or play activities.
The disorder makes it hard for them to communicate
with others and relate to the outside world. In
some cases, aggressive and/or self-injurious behavior
may be present.
Persons with autism may exhibit repeated body
movements (hand flapping, rocking), unusual responses
to people or attachments to objects and resistance
to changes in routines. Individuals may also experience
sensitivities in the five senses of sight, hearing,
touch, smell, and taste.
Over one half million people in the U.S. today
have autism or some form of pervasive developmental
disorder. Its prevalence rate makes autism one
of the most common developmental disabilities.
Yet most of the public, including many professionals
in the medical, educational, and vocational fields,
are still unaware of how autism affects people
and how they can effectively work with individuals
Where can I get more information?
Educating yourself and others about autism is
a critical way to assist with the education and
development of the individual with autism and
to help society understand the nature of this
common developmental disorder.
To request additional information or to find answers
to other questions on autism, please click on
any of the links below, and visit our FAQ's
The 14 Signs Of Autism
May avoid eye contact
May prefer to be alone
Echos words or phrases
Difficulty interacting with others
Spins objects or self
Insistence on sameness
Inappropriate attachements to objects
Inappropriate laughing or giggling
May not want cuddling
Difficulty in expressing needs; may use gestures
Inappropriate response or no response to
No real fear of dangers
Apparent insensitivity to pain
Sustained unusual or repetitive play' uneven
physical or verbal skills
are people with autism like?
there more than one type of autism?
is Asperger's Syndrome
causes autism and how is autism diagnosed?
is the DSM IV and how is it used to determine
are the most effective approaches?
there a cure and what is the prognosis?
Are you wondering whether a child you know may
have autism or Asperger's Syndrome? Take
the "Mini Autism Quiz."